Basement Waterproofing Services Throughout Millstone NJ

For over 60 years we’ve been providing comprehensive basement waterproofing including water and mold cleanup and restoration.

The family owned business of NJ Basement Waterproofing has been installing French Drain Systems since 1961. The 3rd generation of waterproofers are now taking full advantage of this prior knowledge.

We believe our interior drain systems are superior for 2 reasons; We have been installing  and servicing them for 3 generations. With pride we say, “Specializing in standing behind our jobs. Standing behind and servicing our previous jobs is the number 1 reason we have the knowledge to create a superior French Drain. Exploring problems from previous jobs has helped us and taught us what to do and what not to do on future jobs. We are passionate about our work and your Millstone NJ basement. 

The New Jersey Basement Waterproofing Company has been an innovative leader in the areas of basement waterproofing, structural drying, mold remediation, and specialized damage mitigation services in Millstone NJ.  We can work in conjunction with your insurance company making sure the job is done right the first time.

Millstone NJ Basement Waterproofing

Millstone NJ Basement Waterproofing refers to techniques used to prevent water from entering the basement of a house or other building. Effective below ground waterproofing will include both drainage and sealers.

Waterproofing in Millstone NJ is needed anytime a structure is built at ground level or below ground. Waterproofing and drainage considerations are especially needed in cases where ground wateris likely to build up in the soil and raise the water table. This higher water table causes hydrostatic pressure to be exerted underneath basement floors and against basement walls. Hydrostatic pressure forces water in through cracks in foundation walls, through openings caused by expansion and contraction of the footing-foundation wall joint and up through floor cracks. Hydrostatic pressure can cause major structural damage to foundation walls and is likely to contribute to mold, decay and other moisture related problems.

Millstone NJ Crawlspace Waterproofing

Don’t put up with a damp, nasty crawl space that smells bad in Millstone NJ! These conditions can cause mold to grow and wood to rot, resulting in structural damage as well as harmful airborne mold spores.

NJ Basement Waterproofing has pioneered the field of crawl space repair and encapsulation. We’ve developed the specialized products and industry-leading training programs to transform any “problem” crawl space into a clean, dry foundation that’s an asset rather than a liability.

A crawl space in Millstone NJ (as the name suggests) is a type of basement in which one cannot stand up — the height may be as little as one foot, and the surface is often soil. They offer a convenient access to pipes, substructures and a variety of other areas that may be difficult or expensive to access otherwise. While a crawl space cannot be used as living space, it can be used as storage, often for infrequently used items. Care must be taken in doing so, however, as water from the damp ground, water vapor (entering from crawl space vents), and moisture seeping through porous concrete can create a perfect environment for mold/mildew to form on any surface in the crawl space, especially cardboard boxes, wood floors and surfaces, drywall and some types of insulation.

Health and safety issues must be considered when installing a crawl space in Millstone NJ. As air warms in a home, it rises and leaves through the upper regions of the house, much in the same way that air moves through a chimney. This phenomenon, called the "stack effect," causes the home to suck air up from the crawl space into the main area of the home. Mold spores, decomposition odors, and fecal material from dust mites in the crawl space can come up with the air, aggravating breathing problems (such as asthma) and creating a variety of health-related problems.

In Millstone NJ it is usually desirable to finish a crawl space with a plastic vapor barrier that will not support mold growth or allow humidity from the earth into the crawl space. This helps insulate the crawl space and discourages the habitation of insects and vermin by breaking the ecological chain in which insects feed off the mold and vermin feed on the insects, as well as creating a physical inorganic barrier that deters entrance into the space. Vapor barriers can end at the wall or be run up the wall and fastened to provide even more protection against moisture infiltration. Some pest control agencies recommend against covering the walls as it complicates their job of inspection and spraying. Almost unheard of as late as the 1990s, vapor barriers are becoming increasingly popular in recent years. In fact, the more general area of conditioned vs. unconditioned crawl spaces has seen much research over the last decade.

Alternatively, some find it desirable to create a "breathing home" with lots of air flow, rather than "finish" a crawl space. There are contrary opinions as to what is healthier with many suggesting that vapor barriers simply create a new space where mold and mildew can flourish, trapping moisture below it and still creating a problem inside the home.

Millstone NJ Foundation Crack Repair

Whether these foundation cracks / water leaks were the result of normal shrinkage cracks, hydrostatic pressure, blasting, soil settlement, or even buried debris, our proprietary method provides foundation crack repair services that are beyond compare in Millstone NJ. In fact, the method not only repairs your existing cracks, but also helps prevent future ones!

foundation is the lowest and supporting layer of a structure. Foundations are generally divided into two categories: shallow foundations and deep foundations.

Foundations are designed to have an adequate load capacity with limited settlement by a geotechnical engineer, and the footing itself may be designed structurally by a structural engineer.

The primary design concerns are settlement and bearing capacity. When considering settlement, total settlement and differential settlement is normally considered. Differential settlement is when one part of a foundation settles more than another part. This can cause problems to the structure the foundation is supporting.

Shallow foundations in Millstone NJ

Main article: Shallow foundation

Shallow foundations, often called footings, are usually embedded about a meter or so into soil. One common type is the spread footing which consists of strips or pads of concrete (or other materials) which extend below the frost line and transfer the weight from walls and columns to the soil or bedrock.

Another common type of shallow foundation is the slab-on-grade foundation where the weight of the building is transferred to the soil through a concrete slab placed at the surface. Slab-on-grade foundations can be reinforced mat slabs, which range from 25 cm to several meters thick, depending on the size of the building, or post-tensioned slabs, which are typically at least 20 cm for houses, and thicker for heavier structures.

Deep foundations in Millstone NJ

Main article: Deep foundation

deep foundation is used to transfer the load of a structure down through the upper weak layer of topsoil to the stronger layer of subsoil below. There are different types of deep footings including impact driven piles, drilled shafts, caissons, helical piles, geo-piers and earth stabilized columns. The naming conventions for different types of footings vary between different engineers. Historically, piles were wood, later steelreinforced concrete, and pre-tensioned concrete.

Monopile foundation in Millstone NJ

Main article: Monopile foundation

monopile foundation is a type of deep foundation which uses a single, generally large-diameter, structural element embedded into the earth to support all the loads (weight, wind, etc.) of a large above-surface structure.

A large number of monopile foundations have been utilized in recent years for economically constructing fixed-bottom offshore wind farms in shallow-water subsea locations.For example, a single wind farm off the coast of England went online in 2008 with over 100 turbines, each mounted on a 4.7-meter-diameter monopile footing in ocean depths up to 18 meters of water.

Millstone NJ Flood and Mold Restoration

Mold assessment and mold remediation are techniques used in occupational health in Millstone NJ: mold assessment is the process of identifying the location and extent of the mold hazard in a structure, and mold remediation is the process of removal and/or cleanup of mold from an indoor environment.

The first step in solving an indoor mold problem is stopping the source of moisture. Next is to remove the mold growth. Common remedies for small occurrences of mold include:

  • Sunlight
  • Ventilation
  • Wall insulation/Dry Wall
  • Non-porous building materials
  • Household cleansers
  • Dehumidifiers

There are many ways to prevent mold growth in Millstone NJ; see heating, ventilating, improved insulation and air conditioning, and dry fog. New technology allows some mold remediation companies to fill a room with a dry fog that kills mold and stops its growth. This fog uses a chemical that is EPA approved and does not harm or damage the physical well being of persons or animals. There are also cleaning companies that specialize in fabric restoration - a process by which mold and mold spores are removed from clothing to eliminate odor and prevent further mold growth and damage to the garments.

Improper methods for cleaning mold include exposure to high heat, dry air, sunlight (particularly UV light), ozone, and application of fungicides. These methods may render the mold non-viable, however, the mold and its by-products can still elicit negative health effects. As noted in following sections, the only proper way to clean mold is to use detergent solutions that physically remove mold. Many commercially available detergents marketed for mold clean-up also include an anti-fungal agent.

Significant mold growth may require professional mold remediation to remove the affected building materials and eradicate the source of excess moisture. In extreme cases of mold growth in buildings, it may be more cost-effective to condemn the building rather than clean the mold to safe levels.

The goal of remediation is to remove or clean contaminated materials in a way that prevents the emission of fungi and dust contaminated with fungi from leaving a work area and entering an occupied or non-abatement area, while protecting the health of workers performing the abatement.

Cleanup and removal methods in Millstone NJ

The purpose of the clean-up process is to eliminate the mold and fungal growth and to remove contaminated materials. As a general rule, simply killing the mold with a biocide is not enough. The mold must be removed since the chemicals and proteins, which cause a reaction in humans, are still present even in dead mold.

Evaluating mold exposures in Millstone NJ

Before beginning mold remediation you should make sure you assess the area infected with mold to ensure safety, you clean up the entire moldy area, and properly approach the mold.

  • Assess the area infected with mold, checking for any hidden mold
  • Fix moisture problems before you remove and clean up the moldy area to prevent future mold growth issues
  • If the area of mold is large you should get a remediation manager to properly dispose of the mold
  • Be sure to identify the source of water or moisture that caused the mold growth to begin with
  • Check all air ducts, ventilation systems and air handling units so that the mold problems do not persist in the indoor environment
  • Consult a qualified professional if you have any problems or if you are not confident that you can properly remove all mold or sources of mold growth

Cleaning recommendations in Millstone NJ

These steps should always be done by a trained professional.

  • First, make sure to remove any object near the insulation system that may have been contaminated from floodwater. Properly dispose of the contaminated materials according to your local, State, and Federal regulations. (The insulation you might removed may be contaminated with asbestos. Always make sure to call a trained professional to avoid serious injury or death)
  • Make sure to remove the contaminated HVAC filter media to ensure your HVAC system is not bringing in contaminated air. Make sure to dispose of it reading the same regulations listed above.
  • Remove any debris and insulation; clean all components of the HVAC system to ensure nothing becomes contaminated and/or more contaminated from floodwater. Use a HEPA-filtered vacuum, cleaner to make sure you get rid of all the debris, dirt, and microorganisms. Pay special attention to the drain pans, filter areas, curves, and air ducts since debris often collects in these places.
  • Disinfect all components of the HVAC system after turning off the HVAC system. To clean use 1 cup of normal household chlorine bleach mixed with a gallon of water, do not mix this with cleaning products containing ammonia.
  • Be sure to use fans to create filtration by blowing the contaminated air outdoors, to protect the health of the workers.
  • After cleaning all components with bleach rinse with clean water to eliminate the potent bleach smells.
    • Important: You must remove and properly discard the HVAC components that are contaminated with floodwater to prevent the growth of mold if it cannot be cleaned, and replace them with new components.
  • After the HVAC has been properly cleaned and disinfected, replace the insulation in the HVAC system with an external, smooth-surfaced insulation to prevent future floodwater contamination.
  • To ensure safety have you HVAC system tested by a qualified professional before you begin using your HVAC system again.

What to wear when removing mold in Millstone NJ

When cleaning up mold it is important to avoid breathing in mold or mold spores, as this can have major health implications. To avoid airborne mold exposure you should wear a respirator to protect your lungs. Half-face or full-face respirators have removable cartridges that will stop the mold spores from entering your nose or mouth. A full-face respirator will also protect your eyes. Be sure to follow the directions carefully, if it does not fit properly or is not put on correctly it may be ineffective.

Filters used with the respirator should ideally be rated P-100. Some cartridges also come with an activated carbon element. The carbon helps to remove the odor given off by mold and mildew.

Protective clothing should also be worn. Disposable hazmat coveralls are available to keep out particles down to one micron. Protective suits keep mold spores from entering any cuts on the skin.

Next be sure to wear gloves to ensure protection from mold. You should wear gloves made of rubber, nitrile, polyurethane, or neoprene so that no mold or disinfectant materials get through to your skin.

If a half-face respirator mask is used, goggles should be worn to keep mold spores from entering the mucus membrane and propagating. Appropriate goggles should not have ventilation holes so that no mold particles will get in. Full face respirators have an advantage here as the air breathed in is directed to the inside of the lens first which keeps it from fogging as you work.

Dry ice blasting in Millstone NJ

Recently, some companies have begun using dry ice blasting to remove mold from suitable surfaces, such as wood and cement. Soda Blasting is also a good method to remove the mold. Media Blasting, which removes mold is a preferred method to encapsulation, which only cover the mold.

Vacuum in Millstone NJ

Wet vacuum cleaners are designed to remove water from floors, carpets and other hard surfaces where water has accumulated. Wet vacuuming should only be used on wet materials, as spores may be exhausted into the indoor environment if insufficient liquid is present. After use, this equipment must be thoroughly cleaned and dried as spores can adhere to the inner surfaces of the tank, hoses, and other attachments.

Damp wipe in Millstone NJ

Damp wipe is the removal of mold from non-porous surfaces by wiping or scrubbing with water and a detergent. Care must be exercised to make sure the material is allowed to quickly dry to discourage any further mold growth. With surfaces such as metal, glass, hardwood, plastics, and concrete, mold should be scraped off as much as possible. Then, scrub the surface with a moldicide or fungicide cleaner.

HEPA vacuum in Millstone NJ

High Efficiency Particulate Air filtered vacuum cleaners are used in the final cleanup of remediation areas after materials have been thoroughly dried and all contaminated materials have been removed. HEPA vacuum cleaners are recommended for the cleanup of the outside areas surrounding the remediation area. During this process the workers wear proper personal protective equipment (PPE) to prevent exposure to mold and other contaminants. The collected debris and dust should be stored in impervious bags or containers in a manner to prevent any release of debris.

Disposal of debris and damaged materials in Millstone NJ

Building materials and furnishings contaminated with mold should be placed into impervious bags or closed containers while in the remediation area. These materials can usually be discarded as regular construction waste.

Millstone NJ Basement Humidity

Millstone NJ basement is one or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the ground floor. Basements are typically used as a utility space for a building where such items as the furnacewater heaterbreaker panel or fuse boxcar park, and air-conditioning system are located; so also are amenities such as the electrical distribution system, and cable televisiondistribution point.

In British English, the word "basement" is used for underground floors of, for example, department stores, but the word is only used with houses when the space below their ground floor is habitable, with windows and (usually) its own access. The wordcellar is used to apply to any large underground room. A subcellar is a cellar that lies further underneath.

Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air in Millstone NJ. Water vapor is the gas phase of water and is invisible. Humidity indicates the likelihood of precipitationdew, or fog. Higher humidity reduces the effectiveness of sweating in cooling the body by reducing the rate ofevaporation of moisture from the skin. This effect is calculated in a heat index table, used during summer weather.

There are three main measurements of humidity: absolute, relative and specific. Absolute humidity is the water content of air. Relative humidity, expressed as a percent, measures the current absolute humidity relative to the maximum for that temperature.Specific humidity is a ratio of the water vapor content of the mixture to the total air content on a mass basis.

Millstone NJ Sump Pump Repair

It is estimated that 90 to 95 percent of all Millstone NJ basements will experience some type of water problem. That’s why you need a sump pump. It’s surprising how many thousands of dollars in damage can be caused by a very small amount of water. Sump pumps pump excess ground water out of your basement or crawl space, and away from the foundation of your home. Your best defense against basement flooding is a properly installed sump pump.

A Properly Installed And Working Sump Pump in Millstone NJ Will Provide These Benefits to Your New Jersey Home:

  • Raises property value
  • Prevents water damage to home and furnishings
  • Reduces foundation cracks and other problems by keeping your foundation dry
  • Helps control basement humidity
  • Helps prevent mold, fungus, and mildew
  • Helps prevent infestations by termites and other insects
  • Prevents peeling of paint and wallpaper
  • Keeps your metal appliances from rusting longer
  • Keeps your basement feeling warmer and dryer all year round
  • Allows you to finish and furnish your basement
  • And perhaps most importantly, gives you a healthier home, with less worry
    Are you ready when a major storm hits, you lights go out, and your sump pump stops working. Be prepared by installing a back up system. We can provide you with either a battery powered or a new water powered backup system so you are ready.

Millstone NJ Sump Pump

sump pump is a pump used to remove water that has accumulated in a water collecting sump basin, commonly found in the basement of Millstone NJ homes. The water may enter via the perimeter drains of a basement waterproofing system, funneling into the basin or because of rain or natural ground water, if the basement is below the water table level.

Sump pumps are used where basement flooding happens regularly and to remedy dampness where the water table is above thefoundation of a home. Sump pumps send water away from a house to any place where it is no longer problematic, such as a municipalstorm drain or a dry well.

Pumps may discharge to the sanitary sewer in older Millstone NJ installations. Once considered acceptable, this practice may now violate theplumbing code or municipal bylaws, because it can overwhelm the municipal sewage treatment system. Municipalities urge homeowners to disconnect and reroute sump pump discharge away from sanitary sewers. Fines may be imposed for noncompliance. Many homeowners have inherited their sump pump configurations and do not realize that the pump discharges to the sewer. If the discharge is fed to a laundry sink in the basement, it's likely going to the Millstone NJ sewer.

Usually hardwired into a home's electrical system, sump pumps may have a battery backup. The home's pressurized water supply powers some pumps, eliminating the need for electricity at the expense of using potable water, potentially making them more expensive to operate than electrical pumps and creating an additional water disposal problem. Since a sump basin may overflow if not constantly pumped, a backup system is important for cases when the main power is out for prolonged periods of time, as during a severe storm.

There are generally two types of sump pumps — pedestal and submersible. The pedestal pump's motor is mounted above the sump, where it is more easily serviced, but is also more conspicuous. The pump impeller is driven by a long, vertical extension shaft and the impeller is in a scroll housing in the base of the pump. The submersible pump is entirely mounted inside the sump, and is specially sealed to prevent electrical short circuits.

Sump pump systems are also utilized in industrial and commercial applications to control water table-related problems in surface soil in Millstone NJ. An artesian aquifer or periodic high water table situation can cause the ground to become unstable due to water saturation. As long as the pump functions, the surface soil will remain stable. These sumps are typically ten feet in depth or more; lined with corrugated metal pipe that contains perforations or drain holes throughout. They may include electronic control systems with visual and audible alarms and are usually covered to prevent debris and animals from falling in.

Millstone NJ French Drain Systems

French drain or weeping tile (also blind drainrubble drainrock draindrain tileperimeter drainland drain orFrench ditch) is a trench covered with gravel or rock or containing a perforated pipe that redirects surface and groundwater away from an area. A French drain can have perforated hollow pipes along the bottom (see images) to quickly vent water that seeps down through the upper gravel or rock. Pre-engineered French drain systems that eliminate the need for gravel and rock have become increasingly popular since their introduction over 40 years ago. The common features of these systems include a lightweight gravel substitute that is wrapped around perforated corrugated pipe and covered with commonly used filter fabric.

French drains are primarily used to prevent ground and surface water from penetrating or damaging building foundations. Alternatively, French drains may be used to distribute water, such as a septic drain field at the outlet of a typical septic tank sewage treatment system. French drains are also used behind retaining walls to relieve ground water pressure.

Depending on the expected level and volume of rain water or runoff in Millstone NJ, French drains can be widened or also founded on 2 or 3 underground drain pipes. Multiple pipes also provide for redundancy, in case one pipe becomes overfilled or clogged by a rupture or defect in the piping. A pipe might become overfilled if it is on a side of the drain which receives a much larger volume of water, such as one pipe being closer to an uphill slope, or closer to a roofline that drips near the French drain. When a pipe becomes overfilled, water can seep, sideways, into a parallel pipe, as a form of load-balancing, so that neither pipe becomes slowed by air bubbles, as might happen in a full-pipe with no upper air space.

Millstone NJ Interior French Drain Systems

French drains are often installed around a Millstone NJ home foundation in two different ways:

  • Buried around the foundation wall on the external side of the foundation
  • Installed underneath the basement floor on the inside perimeter of the basement

In most Millstone NJ homes, an external French drain or drain tile is installed around the foundation walls before the foundation soil is backfilled. It is laid on the bottom of the excavated area, and a layer of stone is laid on top. In many cases, a filter fabric is then laid on top of the stone to keep fine sediments and particles from entering. Once the drain is installed, the area is backfilled and the system is left alone unless it clogs.

While an external French drain can operate for ten years or more in Millstone NJ without the need for maintenance, it is prone to clogging without any warning and can eventually lead to a flooded basement. When there is no filter fiber, sediments can make their way through the stone as years pass and clog the drain, and when the filter fabric is present, that can instead clog with sediments. It may be wise to provide cleanouts, much as is done with sanitary sewers, to provide access for inspection with a camera snake. Also, a French drain that is not installed with a sump pump counts on gravity alone to drain foundation water, and if the house is not located on a hill or near a steep incline, finding this slope can be problematic. Additionally, maintenance on an external French drain involves expensive exterior excavation, which includes removal of walkways, shrubberies, porches, gardens, and anything else along the perimeter.

Installing a French drain around the inside perimeter is most commonly done after the house has been built. Most commonly, this is done in response to a wet basement or right before performing a basement finishing. To install this kind of drain, the perimeter of the basement floor is jackhammered down to the footing and the cement is removed. A layer of stone is laid down, and a perforated drain pipe is laid on top of it. Water is collected from the basement wall floor joint as it enters, and a pump is installed to remove water from the house and away from the foundation.

Once completed, the area, save for a 2 in (5.1 cm) gap around the edge, is cemented over. This gap exists to allow water in from the basement walls. This can be installed very quickly—one to two days by an experienced crew. The system is easy to maintain once installed, and the sump pump will need annual maintenance to perform properly. An interior French drain is much less likely to clog than an exterior, partially due to the fact that it is not sitting underneath several feet of soil.

Interior French drain installation is an effective way to waterproof a Millstone NJ basement but requires the use of a sump pump. Many contractors will install plastic sump pumps that can quickly break down or neglect to install a battery backup sump pump, making the basement vulnerable to flooding during power outages. Sump pumps should be installed with a battery backup system in a proper sump liner of 20 US gal (76 L) size or larger to prevent the sump from having too little water and turning on and off continuously.

French drain has evolved significantly from its origins- starting off as a hand-dug ditch, moving on to ceramic tile, PVC pipe, and eventually to the new French drain innovations on the market like WaterGuard and Grate Channel. Each new system is able to address weaknesses of the old as the French drain continues to improve and evolve. For example, whereas Henry French used chippings of tree bark to provide anti-microbial properties, an anti-microbial additive can now be included in the material of the plastic channel.

French drains are widely used in Millstone NJ and other parts of the US to prevent flooding or seepage in basements and sub-floor spaces. The generally accepted best practice, as developed by geotechnical engineers and drainage contractors,is to install two separate sets of pipes: a deeper, perforated pipe to accept water seeping through the soil, and a second, solid pipe carrying water from surface drains or downspouts. The second pipe is usually shallower. The two must not be connected until they reach a point where water cannot run back toward the structure, as water introduced from surface drains into a soil drain can seep back out, defeating its purpose. French drains are widely used in California and other parts of the US to prevent flooding or seepage in basements and sub-floor spaces. The generally accepted practice described here has been developed by geotechnical engineers and drainage specialists; it is often included on engineered structural plans. The usual practice is to install two separate sets of pipes: a perforated pipe to accept water seeping through the soil, and a second, solid pipe carrying water from surface drains or downspouts. The second pipe is usually shallower. The two must not be connected until they reach a point where water cannot run back toward the structure, as water introduced from surface drains into a soil drain can seep back out, defeating its purpose. Where there is not adequate slope for drainage by gravity, one or both pipes must open into a sump from which water is pumped away. Permanent drain systems should be of rigid plastic pipe, usually PVC, with glued joints and fittings. Better systems use heavier SR35 pipe, a type also approved for sewers. The corrugated, flexible pipe shown in some of the photos here is not suitable because a) the joints are not secure; b) the ridges trap debris and the pipe is virtually impossible to clean out; c) and the pipe sags, increasing the chance of clogging. The sequence of installation is usually as follows. A trench is dug with the bottom sloping toward the outflow point or sump. The starting point must be deep enough to intercept the expected flow of soil water, usually at least 12 to 18 inches. The preferred slope is the same as for a sanitary sewer -- 1/8 to 1/4 inch per foot of length. In areas with freezing weather, pipes may need to be deeper to avoid damage caused by heaving of the soil in freeze / thaw cycles. Trenches should be far enough from foundations to avoid undermining them. In new construction, the soil drain is usually on the exterior adjacent to the lowest part of the foundation. In remedial work, the depth may be limited by access issues. Once the trench is complete, filter fabric or "geotechnical fabric" is placed in the bottom and extended up both sides. This can be held in place temporarily with nails in the soil. Filter fabric is not the same as landscaping fabric or "weed stop;" it is heavier and has a finer weave. The soil drain is then installed on top of the fabric with the perforations downward, and drain gravel placed over it. Some engineers recommend that an inch or two of drain rock be placed first, with the pipe on top of it. The trench may be entirely filled with gravel or only part way. In either case, the filter fabric is overlapped on top of the gravel and held in place by more gravel -- which then forms part of the landscaping surface -- or by soil, plantings, walkways, or other materials. If there is a second drain for runoff, it is typically installed in the gravel above the soil drain. An alternate approach is to omit the filter fabric and fill the trench with a suitable base rock not containing fines that can migrate into the pipe.

Millstone NJ Emergency Damage Restoration

Loss of work and productivity can actually be more devastating to your Millstone NJ business than the actual flood damage itself. Your customers typically cannot wait months on end for services to resume and supply lines to reopen. With a call to NJ Basement Waterproofing, our New Jersey flood damage specialist and water damage restoration services will get your business back to normal as soon as possible with professional staff members working with you to help maximize your recovery.

Flooded room from a broken water line? Kitchen fire with smoke or soot damage? Mold and mildew in your bathroom? Storm damage? Other disaster? If your home or business has experienced any type of damage, Paul Davis Emergency Services can help. Our business is to immediately respond to property damage emergencies, cleanup the damage, remove any debris and get your home or business back to normal. If you have a property damage emergency, Call Paul!

In Millstone NJ we specialize in home dry-outs, mold remediation, smoke and fire damage clean up, water damage clean up, board-up services, contents cleaning and specialized mitigation services.

Why Paul Davis Emergency Services?
Our response is immediate and comprehensive. With our expert staff and experienced technicians you can face any disaster with calm and confidence 24-hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

If your Millstone NJ property has suffered damage due to water, fire, smoke, mold or other disaster, call the property damage restoration experts.

More than 2 million homes restored since 1966.

Paul Davis Emergency Services of Edison, Sayreville & Monroe NJ
Your Emergency - Our Response

Millstone NJ Foundation Repair

Do you have cracked walls? Doors that won't close? Bulging floors? Any of these can be signs of foundation problems in Millstone NJ. Foundation settlement can lead to major structural problems within your home. Luckily there are ways to repair a concrete foundation without having to tear it out and start from scratch.

Foundation settlement and movement requiring foundation repair can be caused by building on expansive clay, compressible or improperly compacted fill soils, or improper maintenance around foundations. Whatever the cause, settlement can destroy the value of structures and even render them unsafe. If you see signs of foundation distress, don't delay in getting the problem solved. The longer you wait, the more your foundation will sink and cause further costly damage.

There are two common methods for lifting a sunken concrete foundation in Millstone NJ: piering and slabjacking. Piering fixes concrete foundations by placing supports underground that lift and support the concrete. While, slabjacking fills the space under the slab with a grout mixture that floats the foundation back to its original position. A professional will be able to asses which repair method is best suited for your foundation issues.

Whether your home has sunk just a few inches or nearly a foot, a concrete floor and foundation repair contactor can provide some form of underpinning as one of their services to repair your failed foundation. If you think that there is a problem with your foundation, call a professional foundation repair contractor for an assessment of your property. They will be able to assess any damage that has occurred and determine the best plan for your situation. To repair your foundation it is likely that you will spend around $10,000 dollars. But remember, you are protecting your biggest investment, your home.

Use these resources to educate yourself on the process of foundation repair. As a homeowner, it is always good to protect yourself by knowing about the work you are having done.

Millstone NJ Basement Odor

Any Millstone NJ basement can get that musty unused slightly damp smell that just seems to linger and will not go away. However such a smell can irritate allergies, set off sensitive noses and just plain be unpleasant especially if you want to use your basement or are trying to sell your home. You do not need to just accept the fact that your Millstone NJ basement smells bad there are things you can do about your basement odors to either make them go away or at the very least reduce them to a tolerable level. The first thing you should do if you are struggling with basement odors is to try to identify the source. Often times it can be as simple as a piece of carpet or a box that has gotten damp and has started to mold.

The smell of mold will linger even when it is dead so even if your basement is otherwise damp the smell may continue to linger on. The obvious solution in a case such as this is to remove the offending objects from your basement and with them will go the smell. If your basement is damp or has mold it is almost certain that you will have basement odors, in cases such as these it is important to deal with the moisture problem before you can remove the odors from your basement. Dealing with moisture problems means two things first you must find the source of the moisture and fix it and then you must find a way to remove excess moisture from the area. One of the most affordable and effective ways to do this is with ventilation fans. These fans perfect for when there is no discernable source of moisture or for when you cannot eliminate all of the damp from your basement. Ventilation fans are also a great way to help take care of those stubborn basement odors in Millstone NJ especially if you cannot figure out what is causing them. A couple of exhaust fans can do wonders not only for moving the damp air from your basement but also for taking the odors with them.

You may also find that you will need to do some mold removal at this point however before you begin to use fans, to not do so risks moving mold spores throughout your home, and this can cause illness and misery for those with allergies or sinus problems. Mold removal can be accomplished by using an approved fungicide and using it according to the manufacturer's directions. Once you have removed the mold and installed fans to keep your basement dry chances are very good your basement odors should also go away. If they do not, check furniture, carpeting and boxes for any type of dampness and promptly remove them from your basement. Basement odors are normally simple to remove if you know what to look for and how to address the problem that has caused them. If you need ventilation fans to help with your basement odors then check with NJ Basement Waterproofing, they offer ventilation fans for both your basement and your crawlspace.

Millstone NJ Basement Sealants

In poured concrete foundations, cracks and pipe penetrations are the most common entry points for seepage in Millstone NJ. These openings can be readily sealed from the interior. Epoxies or urethanes are pressure injected into the openings, penetrating the foundation through to the exterior, thereby cutting of the path of the seepage. These repairs will last for a long time. Many contractors provide 10 year to lifetime warranties on these repairs.

In masonry foundations, interior sealers will not provide permanent protection from water infiltration where hydrostatic pressure is present. Interior sealers are good for preventing high atmospheric humidity inside the basement, from absorbing into the porous masonry and to prevent spalling. Spalling is a condition where constant high humidity or moisture break down masonry surfaces causing deterioration and shedding of the concrete surfaces.

When the foundation is constructed of concrete blocks, an interior drain tile system, described below, can capture the water entering the block system and drain the water into a sump. Typically, weep holes are drilled into the lowest course of block, allowing the drainage to occur. This system will provide a dry and moisture free basement for years to come.

Basement waterproofing inside, using coatings, works well where condensation is the main source of wetness in Millstone NJ. It is also quite effective if the problem is minor dampness. Major leaks can’t usually be handled by inside coatings. In such cases, if outside waterproofing has been ruled out, your best inside basement waterproofing solution will probably be sheet or tile coverings which conceal drainage structures to carry the water out and drain it from the home.

Millstone NJ Radon Testing Mitigation

Radon mitigation is any process used to reduce radon concentrations in the breathing zones of occupied Millstone NJ buildings.

ASTM E-2121 is a US standard for reducing radon in homes as far as practicable below 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) (148 Bq/m3) in indoor air.  Radon test kits are commercially available.  The kit includes a collector that the user hangs in the lowest livable floor of the house for 2 to 7 days. The user then sends the collector to a laboratory for analysis. The National Environmental Health Association provides a list of radon measurement professionals in the United States. Long-term kits, taking collections from 91 days to one year, are also available. An open land test kit can test radon emissions from the land before construction begins. The EPA and the National Environmental Health Association have identified 15 types of radon testing. A Lucas cell is one type of device.

Millstone NJ Radon levels fluctuate naturally. An initial test might not be an accurate assessment of a home's average radon level. Transient weather can affect short-term measurements. Therefore, a high result (over 4 pCi/L) justifies repeating the test before undertaking more expensive abatement projects. Measurements between 4 and 10 pCi/L (148 and 370 Bq/m3) warrant a long-term radon test. Measurements over 10 pCi/L (370 Bq/m3) warrant only another short-term test so that abatement measures are not unduly delayed. Purchasers of real estate are advised to delay or decline a purchase if the seller has not successfully abated radon to 4 pCi/L or less.

The National Environmental Health Association administers a voluntary National Radon Proficiency Program for radon professionals consisting of individuals and companies wanting to take training courses and examinations to demonstrate their competency. A list of mitigation service providers is available.

There is no regulation in Canada that governs what is deemed to be an acceptable radon gas level in a house. It is the choice of each homeowner to determine what level of radon gas exposure they are willing to accept. Canadian Government, in conjunction with the territories and provinces, developed the guideline to indicate when remedial action should be taken. This guideline was approved by the Federal Provincial Territorial Radiation Protection Committee in October, 2006

Because high levels of radon have been found in every state of the United States, testing for radon and installing radon mitigation systems has become a specialized industry in the last two decades. Many states have implemented programs that affect home buying and awareness in the real estate community, however radon testing and mitigation systems are not generally mandatory unless specified by the local jurisdiction.

According to the EPA's "A Citizen's Guide to Radon", the method to reduce radon "primarily used is a vent pipe system and fan, which pulls radon from beneath the house and vents it to the outside", which is also called sub-slab depressurization, active soil depressurization, or soil suction. Generally indoor radon can be mitigated by sub-slab depressurization and exhausting such radon-laden air to the outdoors, away from windows and other building openings.  "EPA generally recommends methods which prevent the entry of radon. Soil suction, for example, prevents radon from entering your home by drawing the radon from below the home and venting it through a pipe, or pipes, to the air above the home where it is quickly diluted" and "EPA does not recommend the use of sealing alone to reduce radon because, by itself, sealing has not been shown to lower radon levels significantly or consistently" according to the EPA's "Consumer's Guide to Radon Reduction: How to fix your home". Ventilation systems can utilize a heat exchanger or energy recovery ventilator to recover part of the energy otherwise lost in the process of exchanging air with the outside. For crawlspaces, the EPA states, "An effective method to reduce radon levels in crawlspace homes involves covering the earth floor with a high-density plastic sheet. A vent pipe and fan are used to draw the radon from under the sheet and vent it to the outdoors. This form of soil suction is called submembrane suction, and when properly applied is the most effective way to reduce radon levels in crawlspace homes."

The most common approaches are active soil depressurization (ASD) and mechanical ventilation (MV). Experience has shown that ASD is applicable to most buildings since radon usually enters from the soil and rock underneath and MV is used when the indoor radon is emitted from the building materials. A less common approach works efficiently by reducing air pressures within cavities of exterior and demising walls where radon emitting from building materials, most often concrete blocks, collects.

  • Above slab air pressure differential barrier technology (ASAPDB) requires that the interior pressure envelope, most often drywall, as well as all ductwork for air conditioning systems, be made as airtight as possible. A small blower, often no more than 15 cubic feet per minute (0.7 l/s) may then extract the radon-laden air from these cavities and exhaust it to the out of doors. With well-sealed HVAC ducts, very small negative pressures, perhaps as little as 0.5 pascal (0.00007 psi), will prevent the entry of highly radon-laden wall cavity air from entering into the breathing zone. Such ASAPDB technology is often the best radon mitigation choice for high-rise condominiums as it does not increase indoor humidity loads in hot humid climates, and it can also work well to prevent mold growth in exterior walls in heating climates.
  • In hot, humid climates, heat recovery ventilators (HRV) as well as energy recovery ventilators (ERV) have a record of increasing indoor relative humidity and dehumidification demands on air conditioning systems. It is very clear that serious mold problems have originated in homes that have been radon mitigated with HRV and ERV installations in hot, humid climates. HRVs and ERVs have an excellent record in heating climates.
  • A recent technology is based on building science. It includes a variable rate mechanical ventilation system that prevents indoor relative humidity from rising above a preset level such as 50% which is currently suggested by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and others as an upper limit for the prevention of mold. It has proven to be especially effective in hot, humid climates. It controls the air delivery rate so that the air conditioner is never overloaded with more moisture than it can effectively remove from the indoor air.
  • It is generally assumed that air conditioner operation will remove excess moisture from the air in the breathing zone, but it is important to note that just because the air conditioner cools does not mean that it is also dehumdifying. If delta t is 14 degrees or less, it may not dehumidify at all even though it is cooling.
  • Factors that are likely to aggravate indoor humidity problems from mechanical ventilation–based radon installations are as follows and an expert radon mitigator/building scientist will check for and correct any and all of the following when he or she performs radon mitigation procedures:
  1. Air conditioner duct leaks located outside the breathing zone, such as in the attic.
  2. Excessive exhaust fan operation
  3. Oversize or over-capacity air conditioners
  4. AC air handler fans that do not stop running when the air conditioner compressor stops running.
  5. Delta t (Δt), which is the amount that the air is cooled as it is passed through the air conditioner's cooling coils. A good delta t performance figure for home air conditioners is about 20 °F (11 °C). In comparison, automobile air conditioners deliver Δt performance of 32 to 38 °F (18 to 21 °C). A delta t of 14 °F (8 °C) will dehumidify poorly if at all.

In South Florida, most all radon mitigation is performed by use of fixed rate mechanical ventilation. Radon mitigation training in Florida does not include any segment addressing mechanical ventilation or of problems associated with mechanical ventilation systems such as high indoor humidity, mold, moldy odors, property damage or health consequences of human occupation in high humidity of moldy environments. As a result, most Florida radon mitigators are unaware of and do not incorporate existing building science moisture management technology into mechanical ventilation radon installations.

Home inspectors are generally unaware of the mold risks associated with radon mitigation by mechanical ventilation even though mold may make occupants sick, destroy their home and property, and/or be very expensive to clean up and then make the home difficult to sell. In Florida the lawsuits are just beginning.

It appears that in thousands of Florida condominiums and apartments, radon mitigation mechanical ventilation systems were installed in a concealed fashion, escaping even the recognition of professional home inspectors and real estate professionals.

Radon removal in Millstone NJ is implemented to reduce indoor radon levels. Radon can be removed by the use of air pipes and fans to exhaust sub-slab air to the outside called sub-slab depressurization, active soil depressurization, or soil suction.

For Millstone NJ crawlspaces, the EPA states “An effective method to reduce radon levels in crawlspace homes involves covering the earth floor with a high-density plastic sheet. A vent pipe and fan are used to draw the radon from under the sheet and vent it to the outdoors. This form of soil suction is called submembrane suction, and when properly applied is the most effective way to reduce radon levels in crawlspace homes.”

The most common approaches are active soil depressurization (ASD) and mechanical ventilation (MV). Experience has shown that ASD is applicable to most buildings since radon usually enters from the soil and rock underneath and MV is used when the indoor radon is emitted from the building materials. A less common approach works efficiently by reducing air pressures within cavities of exterior and demising walls where radon emitting from building materials, most often concrete blocks, collects.

Nearly all mechanical ventilation-based radon control systems in Millstone NJ are of fixed rate operation, and even if the indoor relative humidity in the interior of a building goes high, they will continue to inject moisture-laden air into this wet environment increasing the likelihood of mold growth. This is especially risky in hot, humid climates. It is not an unusual practice for radon mitigators in hot, humid climates to warn of possible resulting mold problems by way of an easily removed warning sticker.

Above Slab Air Pressure Differential Barrier technology ASAPDB requires that the interior pressure envelope, most often drywall, as well as all ductwork for air conditioning systems, be made as airtight as possible. A small blower, often no more than 15 cubic feet per minute may then extract the radon-laden air from these cavities and exhaust it to the out of doors. With well-sealed HVAC ducts, very small negative pressures, perhaps as little as 0.5 pascal, will prevent the entry of highly radon-laden wall cavity air from entering into the breathing zone. Such ASAPDB technology is often the best radon mitigation choice for high rise condominiums as it does not increase indoor humidity loads in hot humid climates, and it can also work well to prevent mold growth in exterior walls in heating climates.

Millstone NJ Exterior Drainage

Exterior waterproofing prevents water from entering foundation walls therefore preventing the wicking and molding of building materials in Millstone NJ. Waterproofing a structure from the exterior is the only method the IBC (International Building Code) recognizes as adequate to prevent structural damage caused by water intrusion. Prior to the 1980s much of the original exterior waterproofing was actually damp-proofing using a degradable asphalt-based covering. Waterproofing an existing basement begins with ecavating to the bottom sides of the footers. Once excavated the walls are then sealed with a waterproofing membrane and new drainage (weeping tiles) are placed at the side of the footing.

Depending on the expected level and volume of rain water or runoff, French drains can be widened or also founded on 2 or 3 underground drain pipes. Multiple pipes also provide for redundancy, in case one pipe becomes overfilled or clogged by a rupture or defect in the piping. A pipe might become overfilled if it is on a side of the drain which receives a much larger volume of water, such as one pipe being closer to an uphill slope, or closer to a roofline that drips near the French drain. When a pipe becomes overfilled, water can seep, sideways, into a parallel pipe, as a form of load-balancing, so that neither pipe becomes slowed by air bubbles, as might happen in a full-pipe with no upper air space.

Polymer based compounds

Over the past ten years, polymer-based waterproofing products have been developed for use in Millstone NJ. Polymer-based products last for the lifetime of the building, and are not affected by soil pH. Polymer-based waterproofing materials have the advantage of a low enough viscosity that they can be sprayed directly onto a wall, are very fast curing, and are semi-flexible, allowing for some movement of the substrate.

Mold Removal Millstone NJ

Molds are ubiquitous in nature, and mold spores are a common component of Millstone NJ household and workplace dust. However, when spores are present in large quantities, they are a health hazard to humans, potentially causing allergic reactions and respiratory problems.

Some molds also produce mycotoxins that can pose serious health risks to humans and animals. The term "toxic mold" refers to molds that produce mycotoxins, such asStachybotrys chartarum, not to all molds. Exposure to high levels of mycotoxins can lead to neurological problems and in some cases death. Prolonged exposure, e.g., daily workplace exposure, can be particularly harmful.

Symptoms of mold exposure

  • Nasal and sinus congestion, runny nose
  • Eye irritation, such as itchy, red, watery eyes
  • Respiratory problems, such as wheezing and difficulty breathing, chest tightness
  • Cough
  • Throat irritation
  • Skin irritation, such as a rash
  • Headache
  • Sneezing

Health effects linking to asthma

Infants may develop respiratory symptoms as a result of exposure to a specific type of fungal mold, called Penicillium in Millstone NJ. Infants will begin to show respiratory problems if they have a persistent cough and/or wheeze. The number of days that a child will suffer from respiratory symptoms during their first year of life increases by an average of 20% every time the level of Penicillium increases. The levels are deemed no mold to low level, from low to intermediate, from intermediate to high.

Mold exposures have a variety of health effects depending on the person, some people are more sensitive to mold than others. Exposure to mold can cause a number of health issues such as; throat irritation, nasal stuffiness, eye irritation, cough and wheezing, as well as skin irritation in some cases. People at higher risk for mold allergies are people with chronic lung illnesses, which will result in more severe reactions when exposed to mold.

There has been sufficient evidence that damp indoor environments are correlated with upper respiratory tract symptoms such as; coughing, and wheezing in people with asthma.

The first step in an assessment is to determine if mold is present. This is done by visually examining the premises. If mold is growing and visible this helps determine the level of remediation that is necessary. If mold is actively growing and is visibly confirmed, sampling for specific species of mold is unnecessary.

These methods, considered non-intrusive, only detect visible and odor-causing molds. Sometimes more intrusive methods are needed to assess the level of mold contamination. This would include moving furniture, lifting and/or removing carpets, checking behind wallpaper or paneling, checking in ventilation duct work, opening and exposing wall cavities, etc.

Careful detailed visual inspection and recognition of moldy odors should be used to find problems needing correction. Efforts should focus on areas where there are signs of liquid moisture or water vapor (humidity) or where moisture problems are suspected. The investigation goals should be to locate indoor mold growth to determine how to correct the moisture problem and remove contamination safely and effectively.

During the remediation process, the level of contamination dictates the level of protection for the remediation workers. The levels of contamination are described as Levels I, II, III, and IV. Each has specific requirements for worker safety. The levels are as follows:

Level I

Small Isolated Areas ( 10 sq ft (0.93 m2) or less) for example, ceiling tiles, small areas on walls.

  • Remediation can be conducted by the regular building staff as long as they are trained on proper clean-up methods, personal protection, and potential hazards. This training can be performed as part of a program to comply with the requirements of OSHA Hazard Communication Standard ( 29 CFR 1910.1200).
  • Respiratory protection (for example, N-95 disposable respirator) is recommended. Respirators must be used in accordance with the OSHA respiratory protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134). Gloves and eye protection should also be worn.
  • The work area should be unoccupied. Removing people from spaces adjacent to the work area is not necessary, but is recommended for infants (less than 12 months old), persons recovering from recent surgery, immune-suppressed, or people with respiratory diseases.
  • Containment of the work area is not necessary. However, misting and dust suppression is recommended.
  • Contaminated materials that cannot be cleaned should be removed from the building in sealed impermeable plastic bags and disposed of as ordinary waste.
  • The work area(s) used by workers for access/egress should be cleaned with a damp cloth or mop and a detergent.
  • All areas should be left dry and visibly free of contamination and debris.

Level II

Mid-sized Isolated Areas (10-30 sq ft) – for example, individual wallboard panels.

  • Remediation can be conducted by the regular building staff as long as they are trained as for Level I. Respiratory protection, occupation of the work and adjacent areas, and handling of contaminated materials are the same as for Level I.
  • Surfaces in the work area that could become contaminated should be covered with sheet(s) of plastic that are secured in place. This should be done prior to any remediation process to prevent further contamination.
  • Dust suppression methods, such as misting (not soaking) surface prior to remediation, are recommended.
  • The work area(s) used by workers for access/egress should be HEPA vacuumed and cleaned with a damp cloth or mop and a detergent.
  • As with Level I, all areas should be left dry and visibly free of contamination and debris.

Level III

Large Isolated Areas (30-100 sq ft) – e.g., several wallboard panels

  • Industrial hygienists or other environmental health and safety professionals with experience performing microbial investigations and/or mold remediation should be consulted prior to remediation activities to provide oversight for the project.
  • It is recommended that personnel be trained in the handling of hazardous materials and equipped with respiratory protection (N-95 disposable respirator). Respirators must be used in accordance with OSHA respiratory protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134) Gloves and eye protection should also be worn.
  • Surfaces in the work area and areas directly adjacent that could become contaminated should be covered with a secured plastics sheet(s) before remediation to contain dust/debris and prevent further contamination.
  • Seal ventilation ducts/grills in the work area and areas directly adjacent with plastic sheeting.
  • The work area and areas directly adjacent should be unoccupied. Removing people from spaces adjacent to the work area is not necessary, but is recommended for infants (less than 12 month old), persons recovering from recent surgery, immune-suppressed or people with respiratory diseases.
  • Dust suppression methods, such as misting (not soakings) surface prior to remediation, are recommended.
  • Contaminated materials that cannot be cleaned should be removed from the building in sealed impermeable plastic bags and disposed of as ordinary waste.
  • The work area/areas used by workers for access/egress should be HEPA vacuumed and cleaned with a damp cloth or mop and a detergent.
  • All areas should be left dry and visibly free from contamination and debris.

Level IV

Extensive Contamination (greater than 100 contiguous sq. ft in an area).

  • Personnel trained in handling of hazardous materials and equipped with:
    • Full face respirators with HEPA cartridges
    • Disposable protective clothing covering the entire body including the head, shoes and hands
  • Containment of the affected area:
    • Complete isolation of the work area from occupied spaces using plastic sheeting sealed with duct tape ( including ventilation duct/grills, fixtures, and other openings
  • The use of an exhaust fan with a HEPA filter to generate negative pressurization, a decontamination room, and airlocks
  • Contaminated materials that cannot be cleaned should be removed from the building in sealed impermeable plastic bags and disposed of as ordinary waste.
  • The contained area and decontamination room should be HEPA vacuumed and cleaned with a damp cloth or mopped with a detergent solution and be visibly clean prior to the removal of any isolation barrier.

In conclusion, after the moisture source has been eliminated and the mold growth removed, the premises should be revisited and then re-evaluated to ensure the mold growth and the remediation process was successful. The premises should be free of any moldy smells or visible growth.

Mold prevention and control

In order to avoid mold from growing in your Millstone NJ home you should do the following:

  • Clean and repair roof gutters on a regular basis so that moisture will not seep into your house from the gutters
  • If you are using an air conditioning machine you should make sure to keep drip pans clean, also make sure the drain lines are not being obstructed by anything so that it can flow properly
  • Humidity in the indoor environment is a major problem that can lead to mold growth if it is not kept below sixty percent. If you are not sure what the humidity level is in your home you can purchase a humidity meter at any hardware store.
  • If you see any moisture or condensation, act quickly by drying the wet surface and find the water source so it can be avoided in the future

Hidden mold

After a major storm or flood in Millstone NJ you should look out for any signs of hidden mold growth. You can detect mold by the smell and any sign of water damage on the walls or ceiling. Mold can grow in many places that are not visible to the human eye in the indoor environment. Mold is often found behind wallpaper or paneling, the topside of ceiling tiles, back side of dry wall, or the underside of carpets or carpet padding. Piping inside the walls may also be a source of mold growth since pipes often leak and cause moisture and condensation. Also be sure to check in roof materials above ceiling tiles since roofs often leak and water collects inside the walls and insulation. If you are suspicious about mold growth you should investigate with caution so that you are not exposed to mold.


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